1. Exposure to subzero temperature for 24 hours is lethal to most of the insects. It provides decent efficiency in most cases but at high costs in terms of ecological impact. At the other end of the technology spectrum are the electronic bug killers. Cultural Control Unlike most of the other types of pest control discussed in this chapter, physical and mechanical tactics often become less practical (or less economical) when they are used on a large scale. Light source emitting UV light is most attractive to insects. One advantage of material management is the ability to control pollution. Sticky bands applied around mango tree-trunks during December-January prevent the upward movement of mango mealy bugs, which upon hatching begin to crawl up the trunk to reach the leaves. Many farmers at the moment are trying to find sustainable ways to … Chemical pest control is used across the whole world although it’s a double-edged blade. This method is used against stored grain pests. Cultural controls are practices that reduce pest … 1. The reduced usage of pesticides is more cost effective in the long term, as IPM controls pests when there are surges, as opposed to the regularly timed application of pesticides [7]. Chemical pest control provides a quick means of killing pests. Integrated weed management (IWM) is a system for managing weeds over the long term, and is particularly useful for managing and minimising herbicide resistance. Destruction of the pest by mechanical means such as burning, trapping, protective screens and barriers or use of temperature and humidity is often useful. Low temperatures are utilized for the control of insects in flourmills and warehouses. Although this is certainly not the most reliable method of pest control, it does explain why crops planted near the edge of a well-travelled dirt road often have less insect injury than those on the opposite side of the same field. ULTRASONIC VIBRATIONS: Moths are often sensitive to bats’ ultrasonic signals and quickly escape from the area. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mechanical_pest_control&oldid=983357670, Articles with dead external links from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 19:51. European corn borer in the stalk can be killed by running the corn stalks through the stalk shredder. To eradicate the pink bollworm dried cotton stalks are piled and dried. 4. What is the key to their success?https://t.co/179Z5AnYTw pic.twitter.com/Qw7hXuBBQK. Traps usually fail to give adequate crop protection but prove useful to know population build up and are convenient to collect insect samples. Neither the rice weevils nor the granary weevils can survive moisture contents as low as 8.0%. A disadvantage to material management is the fact that it can be a complex area of business. Trash and garbage, weeds etc. 7. Mechanical and physical controls kill a pest directly or make the environment unsuitable for it. Low temperatures that are enough to dormancy can prevent damage. Many … RADIATION: Gamma radiation kills all stages of the pests in storage conditions. Chemical Control -- Conventional Insecticides 2. Eggs of grasshoppers can be destroyed by hand. Time and energy consuming It includes also weeding and change of temperature to control pests. Alfalfa aphids can be killed by using chain drags on plants less than 10 inches long. Integrated Control, Chemical Control -- Conventional Insecticides. 8. This is achieved by means of various management methods which reduces the use of chemical pesticides. HANDPICKING: When the infestation is low, the pest is conspicuous and labor is cheap, the pest stages can be destroyed by mechanical means. Sticky traps are boards of yellow color smeared with sticky substance, which trap and kill the flying insects that are attracted to and try to rest on it. Trash and garbage, weeds etc. BARRIERS: In certain instances, barriers may prevent insects from infesting the crop. Yellow-pan traps containing water and few drops of oil were proved useful in killing hopper adults on paddy, sugarcane and wheat crops. Cultural controls are practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal, and survival. 6. When the applications of the chemicals are used repeatedly, the pests can develop a resistance to the pesticides via natural selection, where the pests that survive the application of the chemicals will pass on their genes to their offspring [3,4]. Mechanical pest control is the management and control of pests using physical means such as fences, barriers or electronic wires. Temperature extremes can be used to kill insects or prevent their injury. Yellow-pan traps containing water and few drops of oil were proved useful in killing hopper adults on paddy, sugarcane and wheat crops. However, the disadvantages are easily offset with the establishment of organizations that actually provide training and education to IPM practitioners. This leads to the creation of “superpests”[sc:5]. Integrated pest control refers to the use of any means to control pests once they reach unacceptable levels.

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