Give me discernment to know the truth and protect me from any teaching that has distorted the Word - this I pray in Jesus name, AMEN. '', And this is to be understood, not of the reading of the Scriptures in public, for the advantage of others, a custom which obtained in the Jewish synagogues; see Acts 13:15 but in private, for his own use and service, that he might be more perfect, and more thoroughly furnished to the work and office to which he was called; for the Scriptures are the fund of spiritual knowledge, as well as the test and standard of doctrine, out of which all must be fetched, and by which it must be tried; and if Timothy, who had known the Scriptures from a child, had been trained up in them, and was always conversant with them, had need to give diligent attention to the reading of them, then much more others: as also. The word signifies also "consolation", and which is another branch of the ministry. To reading, to exhortation, &c.— It was the custom in the synagogue to read a portion of the scriptures of the Old Testament; and, after that, to instruct the people in the meaning of it, and to give them some useful exhortations. The New Testament Gospel and Epistles being recognized as inspired by those who had the gift of discerning spirits, were from the first, according as they were written, read along with the Old Testament in the Church (1Th 5:21, 27; Col 4:16), [Justin Martyr, Apology, 1.67]. to exhortation, to doctrine; as he was privately to read the Scriptures, for his own benefit, he was publicly to expound them, or preach from them, to the advantage of others; for these two, exhortation and doctrine, are branches of the ministerial work, which reading furnishes and qualifies for. Give attendance to reading - The word here used may refer either to public or to private reading; see Acts 13:15; 2 Corinthians 3:14; compare Esdr. 3, 23, 20. Even those were then few in number, but Paul evidently meant that Timothy should, as far as practicable, become acquainted with them. παράγγελλε καὶ δίδασκε, with doctrine and exhortation taken out of the Holy Scriptures, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. To doctrine - To teaching - for so the word means; compare notes on Romans 12:7. reading—especially in the public congregation. Indeed throughout Paul's epistles there is a repetitive emphasis on sound doctrine where the Word of God is rightly divided and believers are encouraged to search the Scriptures daily for themselves in order to check whether they were receiving biblically sound doctrine. For in this way believers are edified and encouraged to trust the Word of God and apply its important teachings to our personal lives. Often in Paul. "Says R. Tanchum Bar Chanilai, for ever let a man divide his years or life into three parts; one third (let him spend) in the Mikra, (the Scriptures, and the reading of them,) another third in the Misna, and the other third in the Talmud. “Till I come” (see note on 3:14). In these early Christian assemblies, about the year 66-67, the question arises, Were any Scriptures read in public besides the books of the Old Testament? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Throughout Paul's epistles we discover an emphasis on God's Word and a devotion to it: reading it and studying it.. expounding, preaching and teaching it - rightly dividing the word of truth and standing firm on the gospel of grace.. for the word of God is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction and training in righteousness. exhortation—addressed to the feelings and will with a view to the regulation of the conduct. The word “doctrine” suggests a public teaching directed rather to the understanding of the hearers. See Acts 13:15; 2 Corinthians 3:14. I think that while public reading is the prominent thought, the Spirit intended also to teach that Scripture reading in private should be "the fountain of all wisdom from which pastors ought to draw whatever they bring before their flock" [Alford]. To this are added two principal genera: exhortation , which refers to conduct; and doctrine , which refers to knowledge; ch. F12. The practice of reading Scripture was transferred from the Jewish synagogue to the Christian Church (Lu 4:16-20; Ac 13:15; 15:21; 2Co 3:14). And so having been warned that as the day for Christ's return draws ever closer many will depart from the faith, and that sound doctrine will be replaced with ear-tickling fables, we find Paul once again urging Timothy to give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and to teaching. The more obvious interpretation here is to refer it to private reading, or to a careful perusal of those books which would qualify him for his public work. Give attendance to reading; that is, of the Scriptures, which the Jews call (arqm) , "reading". So in lxx. 1 Timothy 6:2 , at the end; Romans 12:7-8 . The first, “exhortation,” particularly applies to the feelings. Addressed to the understanding, so as to impart knowledge (1Ti 6:2; Ro 12:7, 8). Till I come To Ephesus; where the apostle hoped to be shortly, but was prevented; he afterwards came to Miletus, and sent for the elders of Ephesus thither, when he took his final leave of them. Whether in public or private, exhortation and instruction should be based on Scripture reading. 1 Timothy 4:13, ESV: "Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation, to teaching." See on consolation, Luke 6:24, see on comfort, Acts 9:31, and see on comforter, John 14:16. All rights reserved.


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